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Low-Power Vertical Neurotransistors Emulate Dendritic Computing of Neurons
Author: SHANG Dashan
ArticleSource: SHANG Dashan
Update time: 2023-10-30
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The era of artificial intelligence has enriched people's lives, but also dramatically increased the amount of information to be processed in daily life. Inspired by biology, one of the important ways for information processing, especially at the edge of limited resources, is to develop neuromorphic devices with similar biological neural network functions. Prof. Shang’s group at Institute of Microelectronics of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (IMECAS) develop a vertical dual-gate electrolyte-gated transistor, named neurotransistor, with a 30 nm channel length, short-term memory characteristic, and the stackability for 3D integration. The read power and energy reach ~3.16 fW and ~30 fJ, close to the biological level.

 This study published in Nature Communications on October 11, 2023.

The electrolyte-gated transistor uses electrolyte materials with mobile ions (such as H+, Li+, O2-) as gate dielectric. The migration of ions driven by the gate voltage towards the channel produces multi-level short-term memory effects of the channel conductance, which is very similar to the dendritic behavior of neurons.

The researchers use the short-time memory characteristics of the neurotransistors to realize the dendrite computing function in biological neurons, such as dendrite integration and coincidence detection. The dendrite computing ability is extended to the recognition of sound azimuth and distance by integrating neurotransistors into a bionic sound localization neural network.

This work not only demonstrates the potential of neurotransistors as building blocks to emulate the advanced functions of biological neural networks, but also provides a novel approach for the development of edge-oriented, high-density, low-energy neuromorphic computing hardware systems from the device level.

This study was done in collaboration with Fudan University, Tsinghua University, and the University of Hong Kong.

This work was supported by grants from the Ministry of Science and Technology, the National Natural Science Foundation of China, the Chinese Academy of Sciences, and the China Postdoctoral Science Foundation.

Article: https: //doi.org/10.1038/s41467-023-42172-y

A low-power vertical dual-gate neurotransistor  with short-term memory for high energy-efficient neuromorphic computing

H. Xu, D. S. Shang, Q. Luo, J. An, Y. Li, S. Wu, Z. Yao, W. Zhang, X. Xu, C. Dou, H. Jiang, L. Pan, X. Zhang, M. Wang, Z. Wang, J. Tang, Q. Liu, M. Liu,

Nature Communications 14: 6385 (2023) DOI: 10.1038/s41467-023-42172-y

Figure 1. Device Structure and short-term memory properties of the vertical dual-gate neurotransistor 

Figure 2. Sound localization based on dendritic computing implemented by dual-gate vertical neurotransistors

Contact: SHANG Dashan

Institute of Microelectronics of The Chinese Academy of Sciences

Tel: +86-10-82995923

E-mail: shangdashan@ime.ac.cn

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